The Pygmy Marmoset (Cebuella Pygmaea) is a New World Monkey in the Callitrichidae family of monkeys and is native to the rainforests of South America. It is the smallest monkey that we know of, weighing in at a tiny 100 grams on average. Its normal dwellings consist of evergreen trees and forests along the edge of the Amazon River. The Pygmy Marmoset is of the gum-feeding variety of monkeys.
Because the Pygmy Marmoset is so small, it prefers to live in the leaves at the highest point of the tree. The types of trees that the Pygmy Marmoset lives in include African Tulip Trees, Tropical Oak Trees, Tropical Dwarf Papaya Trees, Coral Trees, Perfume Acacia, and Princess Trees along the Amazon River area.
The Pygmy Marmoset monkeys use their elongated sharp incisors and claw-like nails to gouge holes intro trees with their sharp lower teeth and then gorging on the gum, sap, resin, or latex that is exuded. This is their primary source of food.
Fun Pygmy Marmoset Facts
- The word marmoset is said to be adapted from a French word meaning a grotesque image or mannequin!
- Marmoset monkeys usually have twins, but triplets and quadruplets also occur.
- Newborns must be fed every two hours around the clock.
- The Pygmy Marmoset diet is composed of about 80% exudates, gums an saps and 16% insects.
- The Pigmy Marmoset’s claws help it cling to tree trunks.
- Scientists discovered new cousins (a new Marmoset species) in 1993.
- Pigmy Marmosets can live to be 15 years old.
- The small size of the Pigmy Marmoset is great for hiding in the leaves from predators.
- The smallness of this monkey doesn’t keep him from chasing intruders from his territory.