The Gold-and-White Marmoset (Mico Chrysoleuca) is a New World Monkey in the Callitrichidae family of monkeys, and is one of the least documented monkeys in the world. Incredibly rare, the Gold-and-White Marmoset is only in a very small and precise are in the Amazon rainforests of Brazil. Notable for their golden fur on the legs and banded tails, the Gold-and-White Marmoset has a body length of approximately 16-19 centimeters and tail length of 30-36 centimeters.
The Gold-and-White Marmoset can be found in a small area in the Brazilian Amazon. Their range extends between the Rio Amazonas and the south bank tributaries of the Urariá-Canumã. They typically dwell in the canopy of the rainforest where their preferred food source is most abundant, but can occasionally be found on the banks of the river grabbing a sip of water on extremely hot days or in times of drought.
The Gold-and-White Marmoset’s diet consists of fruits, flowers, nectar, plant exudates (gums, saps, latex). They are also known to feed upon small animal prey including frogs, snails, lizards, spiders and other small insects. Like most members of the Callitrichidae family of monkeys, Gold-and-White Marmosets have special adaptations for gouging trees trunks, branches, and vines of certain trees and plant species to extract the gum and sap more effectively. These plant exudates form the majority of the Gold-and-White Marmoset’s diet.
Fun Gold-and-White Marmoset Facts
- Gold-and-White Marmosets are one of the rarest in the family to see.
- These monkeys have claws to replace their nails on most digits, supporting their scansorial mode of locomotion.
- Gold-and-White Marmosets live in extended family groups of between four and 15 individuals.
- Gold-and-White Marmosets help to disperse seeds and serve as prey for a small number of rainforest carnivores.