The Black Capuchin (Sapajus Nigritus), also known as the Black-Horned Capuchin, is a New World Monkey in the Cebidae family of monkeys and is found in the Atlantic Forest in southeastern Brazil and northeastern Argentina. Originally included as a subspecies of the Tufted Capuchin, the Black Capuchin only recently achieved species status. This delay was mainly due to the physical similarities between the two species including the “wig” type tuft of hair on their head and the strikingly low population range of the Black Capuchin.
The Black Capuchin is typically found in the Atlantic Forest regions of southeastern Brazil and northeastern Argentina. The Black Capuchin prefers to forage in the canopy of the forest where its food sources are most abundant, but will retreat to the forest floor to gather nuts and insects which make up a significant portion of their diet. They dwell in varying densities of forest regions and have the ability to thrive in even sparse foliage that has been decimated by humans farming and livestock purposes.
Like most other members of the Capuchin family of monkeys, the Black Capuchin is an omnivore and prefers to make up it diet with a combination of nuts, fruit, insects, eggs, young birds, frogs, lizards, and bats. They have been observed using tools to aid in the collection of food; ranging from using sticks and stones to utilizing the absorbency of leaves to collect juice and water.
Fun Tufted Capuchin Facts
- The Black Capuchin has 3 subspecies; one of which, the “Crested-Tufted Capuchin”, is sometimes regarded as its own species.
- Black Capuchins live in regions that overlap with other species of Capuchins.
- Though the Black Capuchin is considered arboreal, it is often found at ground level where nuts and certain insects are more abundant.
- Black Capuchins are one of the few species of New World Monkeys that have been observed utilizing tools.